How the site is structured

This site presents a fauna checklist for the La Selva Forest, species pages, images, specimen/observation records, literature references and location descriptions organised in five Scratchpads content types. Content units, for example a specimen record or a photo, can be linked together if they are associated (tagged) with one or more taxon names from the fauna list content type. When content is tagged with a taxon name it is displayed on the relevant taxon page.

Fauna list. List of species recorded within the limits of the La Selva forest. Each record refers to an observation, a photograph or a specimen, nearly all kept by Fondazione Ethoikos. The list can be browsed in a taxonomic tree. Click on a taxon term in the tree to link to its taxon page. Alternatively taxon pages can be located using the search function. We strive to follow the classification of Invertebrates given in Fauna Europea using the taxonomic ranks Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species and Subspecies. Birds are presented following Birds of the World (S. M. Billerman, B. K. Keeney, P. G. Rodewald, and T. S. Schulenberg, Editors). Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.

On the site only species pages are associated with specimens/observations. Higher ranked taxa may be associated with content types such as "Media Gallery" and "Literature". Naturally some specimens have only been identified to a higher taxonomic rank than species.

Vernacular names are sometimes given in English and, less frequently (because they do not exist), in Italian. Our main source for vernacular names is the PESI portal, Moths and Butterflies of Europe and North Africa and A label and Checklist of the British Micro-Lepidoptera with Vernacular Names (2002).

Media gallery. Selected photos are grouped together in galleries by common popular zoological attributes, for example "Mammals" or "Insects/moths". Images may also be tagged with keywords that group images by non-zoological attributes, for example "Photo trap". Images can be filtered by gallery and/or keywords picked in the lists displayed in the left side bar on the Media Gallery page. Please note that many of the photos have been included because they serve as documentation of species occurrences rather than being showcase photographs.

Specimens. Specimen/observation records are listed based on the Darwincore biodiversity standards. Each specimen is associated to a species taxon in the fauna list,  which may be artificial (see the "Fauna lists" paragraph above) if the specimen has not been identified to species. Available fields for specimen records include basis of record, institution code, collection code, catalogue number, collector number, collector, date collected, field notes, taxonomic name, identified by, date identified, media, sex, life stage, count and location. Specimens tagged with species names are listed under the “Specimen” tab of the respective species page.

Literature. References to journal papers, books, reports and maps with content relevant for La Selva Forest. Each citation can be downloaded in BibTex, RTF, XML or RIS (Endnote) format. Records are tagged with associated taxa from the two fauna lists.

Location. Collection locations that can be associated with multiple specimens/observations. Records conform to Darwincore biodiversity standards. When specimens/observations are tagged with locations, they are dynamically added to maps on the Species page “Map” tab. The Location content type does not have its own tab in the top menu. Links to location pages are found in the Specimens view, or on the individual Specimen pages.

Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith